Are fourth-year medical students as prepared to manage unstable patients as they are to manage stable patients?

McEvoy MD, Dewaay DJ, Vanderbilt A, Alexander LA, Stilley MC, Hege MC, Kern DH
Acad Med. 2014 89 (4): 618-24

PMID: 24556760 · PMCID: PMC4045404 · DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000000192

PURPOSE - To evaluate the fourth-year medical student's assessment and management of an unstable patient.

METHOD - The authors compared the performance of fourth-year medical students in a clinical performance examination (CPX) across a spectrum of simulated stable conditions as compared with a case of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). All fourth-year medical students at the Medical University of South Carolina participated in an eight-station CPX. Student performance was graded as the percentage of correct steps performed according to checklists developed through a modified Delphi technique. Repeated analysis of variance was performed to compare performance on different stations. Data are reported as mean (standard deviation), and P < .05 was considered significant.

RESULTS - A total of 143 fourth-year medical students participated in the study. The percentage of correct actions performed in the STEMI station was 47.8 (9.5), which was significantly lower than all other stations (P < .001). There was no difference in overall performance between any of the other stable encounters. Students performed significantly worse in the physical and management/treatment components of the STEMI station, as compared with history, differential diagnosis, labs/tests, and diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS - Fourth-year medical students were less prepared to manage a simulated STEMI case compared with a range of nonacute conditions. Given the prevalence of coronary artery disease and the necessity of interns to be equipped to handle emergent situations, this deficiency should be addressed in undergraduate medical curricula.

MeSH Terms (15)

Analysis of Variance Angina, Stable Checklist Clinical Competence Computer Simulation Diagnosis, Differential Education, Medical, Undergraduate Electrocardiography Female Humans Male Myocardial Infarction Physical Examination Students, Medical Young Adult

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