Response times from ensembles of accumulators.

Zandbelt B, Purcell BA, Palmeri TJ, Logan GD, Schall JD
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 111 (7): 2848-53

PMID: 24550315 · PMCID: PMC3932860 · DOI:10.1073/pnas.1310577111

Decision-making is explained by psychologists through stochastic accumulator models and by neurophysiologists through the activity of neurons believed to instantiate these models. We investigated an overlooked scaling problem: How does a response time (RT) that can be explained by a single model accumulator arise from numerous, redundant accumulator neurons, each of which individually appears to explain the variability of RT? We explored this scaling problem by developing a unique ensemble model of RT, called e pluribus unum, which embodies the well-known dictum "out of many, one." We used the e pluribus unum model to analyze the RTs produced by ensembles of redundant, idiosyncratic stochastic accumulators under various termination mechanisms and accumulation rate correlations in computer simulations of ensembles of varying size. We found that predicted RT distributions are largely invariant to ensemble size if the accumulators share at least modestly correlated accumulation rates and RT is not governed by the most extreme accumulators. Under these regimes the termination times of individual accumulators was predictive of ensemble RT. We also found that the threshold measured on individual accumulators, corresponding to the firing rate of neurons measured at RT, can be invariant with RT but is equivalent to the specified model threshold only when the rate correlation is very high.

MeSH Terms (10)

Computational Biology Computer Simulation Humans Models, Neurological Models, Psychological Monte Carlo Method Neurons Neurophysiology Reaction Time Stochastic Processes

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