Effects of body mass index on gastric slow wave: a magnetogastrographic study.

Somarajan S, Cassilly S, Obioha C, Richards WO, Bradshaw LA
Physiol Meas. 2014 35 (2): 205-15

PMID: 24398454 · PMCID: PMC4012612 · DOI:10.1088/0967-3334/35/2/205

We measured gastric slow wave activity simultaneously with magnetogastrogram (MGG), mucosal electromyogram (EMG) and electrogastrogram (EGG) in human subjects with varying body mass index (BMI) before and after a meal. In order to investigate the effect of BMI on gastric slow wave parameters, each subject's BMI was calculated and divided into two groups: subjects with BMI ≤ 27 and BMI > 27. Signals were processed with Fourier spectral analysis and second-order blind identification (SOBI) techniques. Our results showed that increased BMI does not affect signal characteristics such as frequency and amplitude of EMG and MGG. Comparison of the postprandial EGG power, on the other hand, showed a statistically significant reduction in subjects with BMI > 27 compared with BMI ≤ 27. In addition to the frequency and amplitude, the use of SOBI-computed propagation maps from MGG data allowed us to visualize the propagating slow wave and compute the propagation velocity in both BMI groups. No significant change in velocity with increasing BMI or meal was observed in our study. In conclusion, multichannel MGG provides an assessment of frequency, amplitude and propagation velocity of the slow wave in subjects with differing BMI categories and was observed to be independent of BMI.

MeSH Terms (13)

Adolescent Adult Body Mass Index Electrodes Electrophysiology Female Gastric Mucosa Gastrointestinal Motility Humans Magnetic Fields Male Middle Aged Young Adult

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