Comparison of protein immunoprecipitation-multiple reaction monitoring with ELISA for assay of biomarker candidates in plasma.

Lin D, Alborn WE, Slebos RJ, Liebler DC
J Proteome Res. 2013 12 (12): 5996-6003

PMID: 24224610 · PMCID: PMC3864264 · DOI:10.1021/pr400877e

Quantitative analysis of protein biomarkers in plasma is typically done by ELISA, but this method is limited by the availability of high-quality antibodies. An alternative approach is protein immunoprecipitation combined with multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (IP-MRM). We compared IP-MRM to ELISA for the analysis of six colon cancer biomarker candidates (metalloproteinase inhibitor 1 (TIMP1), cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), thrombospondin-2 (THBS2), endoglin (ENG), mesothelin (MSLN) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9)) in plasma from colon cancer patients and noncancer controls. Proteins were analyzed by multiplex immunoprecipitation from plasma with the ELISA capture antibodies, further purified by SDS-PAGE, digested and analyzed by stable isotope dilution MRM. IP-MRM provided linear responses (r = 0.978-0.995) between 10 and 640 ng/mL for the target proteins spiked into a "mock plasma" matrix consisting of 60 mg/mL bovine serum albumin. Measurement variation (coefficient of variation at the limit of detection) for IP-MRM assays ranged from 2.3 to 19%, which was similar to variation for ELISAs of the same samples. IP-MRM and ELISA measurements for all target proteins except ENG were highly correlated (r = 0.67-0.97). IP-MRM with high-quality capture antibodies thus provides an effective alternative method to ELISA for protein quantitation in biological fluids.

MeSH Terms (21)

Amino Acid Sequence Animals Antibodies Antigens, CD Biomarkers, Tumor Carcinoma Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein Cattle Colonic Neoplasms Endoglin Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay GPI-Linked Proteins Hernia Humans Immunoprecipitation Mass Spectrometry Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 Molecular Sequence Data Receptors, Cell Surface Thrombospondins Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1

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