Candidate gene approach to identifying rare genetic variants associated with lone atrial fibrillation.

Weeke P, Parvez B, Blair M, Short L, Ingram C, Kucera G, Stubblefield T, Roden DM, Darbar D
Heart Rhythm. 2014 11 (1): 46-52

PMID: 24120998 · PMCID: PMC3947369 · DOI:10.1016/j.hrthm.2013.10.025

BACKGROUND - Rare variants in candidate atrial fibrillation (AF) genes have been associated with AF in small kindreds. The extent to which such polymorphisms contribute to AF is unknown.

OBJECTIVE - The purpose of this study was to determine the spectrum and prevalence of rare amino acid coding (AAC) variants in candidate AF genes in a large cohort of unrelated lone AF probands.

METHODS - We resequenced 45 candidate genes in 303 European American (EA) lone AF probands (186 lone AF probands screened for each gene on average [range 89-303], 63 screened for all) identified in the Vanderbilt AF Registry (2002-2012). Variants detected were screened against 4300 EAs from the Exome Sequencing Project (ESP) to identify very rare (minor allele frequency ≤0.04%) AAC variants and these were tested for AF co-segregation in affected family members where possible.

RESULTS - Median age at AF onset was 46.0 years [interquartile range 33.0-54.0], and 35.6% had a family history of AF. Overall, 63 very rare AAC variants were identified in 60 of 303 lone AF probands, and 10 of 19 (52.6%) had evidence of co-segregation with AF. Among the 63 lone AF probands who had 45 genes screened, the very rare variant burden was 22%. Compared with the 4300 EA ESP, the proportion of lone AF probands with a very rare AAC variant in CASQ2 and NKX2-5 was increased 3-5-fold (P <.05).

CONCLUSION - No very rare AAC variants were identified in ~80% of lone AF probands. Potential reasons for the lack of very rare AAC variants include a complex pattern of inheritance, variants in as yet unidentified AF genes or in noncoding regions, and environmental factors.

© 2013 Heart Rhythm Society Published by Heart Rhythm Society All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (16)

Adult Aged Atrial Fibrillation Female Follow-Up Studies Gene Frequency Genetic Association Studies Genetic Predisposition to Disease Genetic Testing Genetic Variation Humans Male Middle Aged Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide Registries Retrospective Studies

Connections (2)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links