Toggling a conformational switch in Wnt/β-catenin signaling: regulation of Axin phosphorylation. The phosphorylation state of Axin controls its scaffold function in two Wnt pathway protein complexes.

Tacchelly-Benites O, Wang Z, Yang E, Lee E, Ahmed Y
Bioessays. 2013 35 (12): 1063-70

PMID: 24105937 · PMCID: PMC3878292 · DOI:10.1002/bies.201300101

The precise orchestration of two opposing protein complexes - one in the cytoplasm (β-catenin destruction complex) and the other at the plasma membrane (LRP6 signaling complex) - is critical for controlling levels of the transcriptional co-factor β-catenin, and subsequent activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signal transduction pathway. The Wnt pathway component Axin acts as an essential scaffold for the assembly of both complexes. How the β-catenin destruction and LRP6 signaling complexes are modulated following Wnt stimulation remains controversial. A recent study in Science by He and coworkers reveals an underlying logic for Wnt pathway control in which Axin phosphorylation toggles a switch between the active and inactive states. This mini-review focuses on this and two other recent studies that provide insight into the initial signaling events triggered by Wnt exposure. We emphasize regulation of the β-catenin destruction and LRP6 signaling complexes and propose a framework for future work in this area.

© 2013 WILEY Periodicals, Inc.

MeSH Terms (8)

Animals Axin Protein beta Catenin Humans Phosphorylation Protein Binding Signal Transduction Wnt Signaling Pathway

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links