Transplantation of bone marrow cells leads to engraftment of osteopoietic and hematopoietic progenitors. We sought to determine whether the recently described transient expansion of the host osteoblastic niche after marrow radioablation promotes engraftment of both osteopoietic and hematopoietic progenitor cells. Mice infused with marrow cells 24 hours after total body irradiation (TBI) demonstrated significantly greater osteopoietic and hematopoietic progenitor chimerism than did mice infused at 30 minutes or 6 hours. Irradiated mice with a lead shield over 1 hind limb showed greater hematopoietic chimerism in the irradiated limb than in the shielded limb at both the 6- and 24-hour intervals. By contrast, the osteopoietic chimerism was essentially equal in the 2 limbs at each of these intervals, although it significantly increased when cells were infused 24 hours compared with 6 hours after TBI. Similarly, the number of donor phenotypic long-term hematopoietic stem cells was equivalent in the irradiated and shielded limbs after each irradiation-to-infusion interval but was significantly increased at the 24-hour interval. Our findings indicate that a 24-hour delay in marrow cell infusion after TBI facilitates expansion of the endosteal osteoblastic niche, leading to enhanced osteopoietic and hematopoietic engraftment.
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.