Integrating Retraction Modeling Into an Atlas-Based Framework for Brain Shift Prediction.

Chen I, Ong RE, Simpson AL, Sun K, Thompson RC, Miga MI
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013 60 (12): 3494-504

PMID: 23864146 · PMCID: PMC4411214 · DOI:10.1109/TBME.2013.2272658

In recent work, an atlas-based statistical model for brain shift prediction, which accounts for uncertainty in the intraoperative environment, has been proposed. Previous work reported in the literature using this technique did not account for local deformation caused by surgical retraction. It is challenging to precisely localize the retractor location prior to surgery and the retractor is often moved in the course of the procedure. This paper proposes a technique that involves computing the retractor-induced brain deformation in the operating room through an active model solve and linearly superposing the solution with the precomputed deformation atlas. As a result, the new method takes advantage of the atlas-based framework's accounting for uncertainties while also incorporating the effects of retraction with minimal intraoperative computing. This new approach was tested using simulation and phantom experiments. The results showed an improvement in average shift correction from 50% (ranging from 14 to 81%) for gravity atlas alone to 80% using the active solve retraction component (ranging from 73 to 85%). This paper presents a novel yet simple way to integrate retraction into the atlas-based brain shift computation framework.

MeSH Terms (7)

Brain Finite Element Analysis Humans Neurosurgical Procedures Phantoms, Imaging Surgery, Computer-Assisted Surgical Instruments

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