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Impact of race/ethnicity on laryngeal cancer in patients treated at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Sandulache VC, Kubik MW, Skinner HD, Malsky JA, Gelbard AH, Zevallos JP
Laryngoscope. 2013 123 (9): 2170-5

PMID: 23729204 · DOI:10.1002/lary.24058

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS - Black patients generally present with advanced head and neck cancer resulting in decreased survival. The objective of this study was to determine whether equal access to laryngeal cancer care in a tertiary care Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center would result in similar survival for white and black patients.

STUDY DESIGN - Retrospective chart review.

METHODS - Patient and tumor characteristics, compliance with National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, and survival outcomes were collected for 205 male patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx treated between 2000 and 2012 at the Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

RESULTS - Black patients constituted 33% of the entire cohort, were older (mean age, 65.1 vs. 62.1 years), and consumed less tobacco (46.6 vs. 65.8 mean pack-years) than white patients. Disease stage and compliance with NCCN guidelines were not affected by race. Mean follow up time was 3.6 years. A higher recurrence rate was noted among white patients (24% vs. 15%, P < .05). Neither disease-free survival (DFS) nor overall survival (OS) was significantly different between black and white patients (DFS 69% vs. 68%, P = .7; OS 68% vs. 77%, P = .1).

CONCLUSIONS - Utilization of a multidisciplinary approach to laryngeal cancer care at the VA medical center allows for high compliance with NCCN guidelines and excellent oncologic outcomes. Ethnicity did not impact stage at presentation, treatment selection, or treatment intensity in this patient cohort. Our data suggest that cancer care at a VA medical center results in clinical outcomes that do not significantly vary based on patient race.

Copyright © 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

MeSH Terms (22)

African Americans Aged Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Chemotherapy, Adjuvant Cohort Studies Combined Modality Therapy Continental Population Groups Ethnic Groups Hospitals, Veterans Humans Kaplan-Meier Estimate Laryngeal Neoplasms Laryngectomy Male Middle Aged Neoplasm Recurrence, Local Prognosis Radiotherapy, Adjuvant Retrospective Studies Risk Assessment Survival Analysis Treatment Outcome

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