Impaired liver regeneration in Ldlr-/- mice is associated with an altered hepatic profile of cytokines, growth factors, and lipids.

Pauta M, Rotllan N, Vales F, Fernandez-Hernando A, Allen RM, Ford DA, Marí M, Jiménez W, Baldán A, Morales-Ruiz M, Fernández-Hernando C
J Hepatol. 2013 59 (4): 731-7

PMID: 23712050 · PMCID: PMC4145584 · DOI:10.1016/j.jhep.2013.05.026

BACKGROUND & AIMS - It is widely recognized that in the early stages of liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy, the hepatocytes accumulate a significant amount of lipids. The functional meaning of this transient steatosis and its effect on hepatocellular proliferation are not well defined. In addition, the basic mechanisms of this lipid accumulation are not well understood although some studies suggest the participation of the Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor (Ldlr).

METHODS - To address these questions, we studied the process of liver regeneration in Ldlr null mice and wild type mice following partial hepatectomy.

RESULTS - Ldlr deficiency was associated with a significant decrease in serum albumin concentration, during early stages of liver regeneration, and a delayed hepatic regeneration. Remnant livers of Ldlr(-)(/)(-) showed a time-shifted expression of interleukin-6 (IL6) and a defective activation of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) expression in early phases of liver regeneration. Unexpectedly, Ldlr(-)(/)(-) showed no significant differences in the content of lipid droplets after partial hepatectomy compared to wild type mice. However, lipidomic analysis of the regenerating liver from Ldlr(-)(/)(-) revealed a lipid profile compatible with liver quiescence: high content of cholesterol esters and ceramide, and low levels of phosphatidylcholine.

CONCLUSIONS - Ldlr deficiency is associated with significant changes in the hepatic lipidome that affect cytokine-growth factor signaling and impair liver regeneration. These results suggest that the analysis of the hepatic lipidome may help predict the success of liver regeneration in the clinical environment, specifically in the context of pre-existing liver steatosis.

Copyright © 2013 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (18)

Animals Cell Cycle Checkpoints Cholesterol Fatty Liver Hepatectomy Hepatocyte Growth Factor Hypercholesterolemia Interleukin-6 Lipid Metabolism Liver Liver Regeneration Male Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Knockout Receptors, LDL Signal Transduction Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

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