PURPOSE OF REVIEW - Changes in perception regarding the safety of mesh require a review of vaginal approaches for pelvic organ prolapse surgery with and without mesh. The purpose of this article is to examine the implications of the negative stigma toward mesh and review the outcomes of different vaginal approaches to pelvic organ prolapse repair.
RECENT FINDINGS - Defining a successful outcome of pelvic organ prolapse surgery from a symptomatic perspective instead of an anatomic perspective reveals that native tissue repairs and graft repairs are equivalent. In the posterior and apical compartments, a review of multiple studies shows that native tissue and graft transvaginal repairs have similar anatomic results except that native tissue repairs do not carry the risk of mesh extrusion. After failure of a native tissue repair, the majority of surgeons will use a graft-augmented repair.
SUMMARY - Controversy exists about how to define a successful outcome after pelvic organ prolapse surgery. Native tissue repairs require a more individualized approach than mesh-augmented repairs because native tissue requires the surgeon to closely examine the patient to determine the exact compartment and location that is affected before deciding on a surgical approach.