Mutations in the paxillin-binding site of integrin-linked kinase (ILK) destabilize the pseudokinase domain and cause embryonic lethality in mice.

Moik D, Böttcher A, Makhina T, Grashoff C, Bulus N, Zent R, Fässler R
J Biol Chem. 2013 288 (26): 18863-71

PMID: 23658024 · PMCID: PMC3696662 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M113.470476

Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) localizes to focal adhesions (FAs) where it regulates cell spreading, migration, and growth factor receptor signaling. Previous reports showed that overexpressed ILK in which Val(386) and Thr(387) were substituted with glycine residues (ILK-VT/GG) could neither interact with paxillin nor localize to FA in cells expressing endogenous wild-type ILK, implying that paxillin binding to ILK is required for its localization to FAs. Here, we show that introducing this mutation into the germ line of mice (ILK-VT/GG) caused vasculogenesis defects, resulting in a general developmental delay and death at around embryonic day 12.5. Fibroblasts isolated from ILK-VT/GG mice contained mutant ILK in FAs, showed normal adhesion to and spreading on extracellular matrix substrates but displayed impaired migration. Biochemical analysis revealed that VT/GG substitutions decreased ILK protein stability leading to decreased ILK levels and reduced binding to paxillin and α-parvin. Because paxillin depletion did not affect ILK localization to FAs, the embryonic lethality and the in vitro migration defects are likely due to the reduced levels of ILK-VT/GG and diminished binding to parvins.

MeSH Terms (19)

Amino Acid Motifs Animals Binding Sites Cell Adhesion Cell Movement Embryo, Mammalian Flow Cytometry Focal Adhesions Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental Genes, Lethal Mice Microfilament Proteins Mutation Paxillin Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases Protein Binding Protein Conformation Protein Structure, Tertiary Time Factors

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