Assessment of a pharmacogenomic marker panel in a polypharmacy population identified from electronic medical records.

Oetjens MT, Denny JC, Ritchie MD, Gillani NB, Richardson DM, Restrepo NA, Pulley JM, Dilks HH, Basford MA, Bowton E, Masys DR, Wilke RA, Roden DM, Crawford DC
Pharmacogenomics. 2013 14 (7): 735-44

PMID: 23651022 · PMCID: PMC3725600 · DOI:10.2217/pgs.13.64

BACKGROUND - The ADME Core Panel assays 184 variants across 34 pharmacogenes, many of which are difficult to accurately genotype with standard multiplexing methods.

METHODS - We genotyped 326 frequently medicated individuals of European descent in Vanderbilt's biorepository linked to de-identified electronic medical records, BioVU, on the ADME Core Panel to assess quality and performance of the assay. We compared quality control metrics and determined the extent of direct and indirect marker overlap between the ADME Core Panel and the Illumina Omni1-Quad.

RESULTS - We found the quality of the ADME Core Panel data to be high, with exceptions in select copy number variants and markers in certain genes (notably CYP2D6). Most of the common variants on the ADME panel are genotyped by the Omni1, but absent rare variants and copy number variants could not be accurately tagged by single markers.

CONCLUSION - Our frequently medicated study population did not convincingly differ in allele frequency from reference populations, suggesting that heterogeneous clinical samples (with respect to medications) have similar allele frequency distributions in pharmacogenetics genes compared with reference populations.

MeSH Terms (19)

Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 DNA Copy Number Variations Electronic Health Records European Continental Ancestry Group Female Gene Frequency Genetic Markers Genome-Wide Association Study Genotype Humans Male Middle Aged Pharmacogenetics Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide Polypharmacy Young Adult

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