Pilot study of a physician-delivered education tool to increase patient knowledge about CKD.

Wright Nunes J, Greene JH, Wallston K, Eden S, Shintani A, Elasy T, Rothman RL, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL
Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 62 (1): 23-32

PMID: 23540261 · PMCID: PMC3686835 · DOI:10.1053/j.ajkd.2013.01.023

BACKGROUND - Limited research exists on physician-delivered education interventions. We examined the feasibility and impact of an educational tool on facilitating physician-patient kidney disease communication.

STUDY DESIGN - Pilot feasibility clinical trial with a historical control to examine effect size on patient knowledge and structured questions to elicit physician and patient feedback.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS - Adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 1-5, seen in nephrology clinic.

INTERVENTION - 1-page educational worksheet, reviewed by physicians with patients.

OUTCOMES - Kidney knowledge between patient groups and provider/patient feedback.

MEASUREMENTS - Patient kidney knowledge was measured using a previously validated questionnaire compared between patients receiving the intervention (April to October 2010) and a historical cohort (April to October 2009). Provider input was obtained using structured interviews. Patient input was obtained through survey questions. Patient characteristics were abstracted from the medical record.

RESULTS - 556 patients were included, with 401 patients in the historical cohort and 155 receiving the intervention. Mean age was 57 ± 16 (SD) years, with 53% men, 81% whites, and 78% with CKD stages 3-5. Compared with the historical cohort, patients receiving the intervention had higher adjusted odds of knowing they had CKD (adjusted OR, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.16-4.17; P = 0.02), knowing their kidney function (adjusted OR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.27-3.97; P = 0.005), and knowing their stage of CKD (adjusted OR, 3.22; 95% CI, 1.49-6.92; P = 0.003). Physicians found the intervention tool easy and feasible to integrate into practice and 98% of patients who received the intervention recommended it for future use.

LIMITATIONS - Study design did not randomly assign patients for comparison and enrollment was performed in clinics at one center.

CONCLUSIONS - In this pilot study, a physician-delivered education intervention was feasible to use in practice and was associated with higher patient kidney disease knowledge. Further examination of physician-delivered education interventions for increasing patient disease understanding should be tested through randomized trials.

Copyright © 2013 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (14)

Adult Aged Cohort Studies Feasibility Studies Female Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Humans Male Middle Aged Patient Education as Topic Physician's Role Physician-Patient Relations Pilot Projects Renal Insufficiency, Chronic

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