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BACKGROUND - Limited research exists on physician-delivered education interventions. We examined the feasibility and impact of an educational tool on facilitating physician-patient kidney disease communication.
STUDY DESIGN - Pilot feasibility clinical trial with a historical control to examine effect size on patient knowledge and structured questions to elicit physician and patient feedback.
SETTING & PARTICIPANTS - Adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 1-5, seen in nephrology clinic.
INTERVENTION - 1-page educational worksheet, reviewed by physicians with patients.
OUTCOMES - Kidney knowledge between patient groups and provider/patient feedback.
MEASUREMENTS - Patient kidney knowledge was measured using a previously validated questionnaire compared between patients receiving the intervention (April to October 2010) and a historical cohort (April to October 2009). Provider input was obtained using structured interviews. Patient input was obtained through survey questions. Patient characteristics were abstracted from the medical record.
RESULTS - 556 patients were included, with 401 patients in the historical cohort and 155 receiving the intervention. Mean age was 57 ± 16 (SD) years, with 53% men, 81% whites, and 78% with CKD stages 3-5. Compared with the historical cohort, patients receiving the intervention had higher adjusted odds of knowing they had CKD (adjusted OR, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.16-4.17; P = 0.02), knowing their kidney function (adjusted OR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.27-3.97; P = 0.005), and knowing their stage of CKD (adjusted OR, 3.22; 95% CI, 1.49-6.92; P = 0.003). Physicians found the intervention tool easy and feasible to integrate into practice and 98% of patients who received the intervention recommended it for future use.
LIMITATIONS - Study design did not randomly assign patients for comparison and enrollment was performed in clinics at one center.
CONCLUSIONS - In this pilot study, a physician-delivered education intervention was feasible to use in practice and was associated with higher patient kidney disease knowledge. Further examination of physician-delivered education interventions for increasing patient disease understanding should be tested through randomized trials.
Copyright © 2013 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.