A de novo MYOC mutation detected in juvenile open angle glaucoma associated with reduced myocilin protein in aqueous humor.

Kuchtey J, Chowdhury UR, Uptegraft CC, Fautsch MP, Kuchtey RW
Eur J Med Genet. 2013 56 (6): 292-6

PMID: 23517641 · PMCID: PMC3672363 · DOI:10.1016/j.ejmg.2013.03.002

MYOC mutations were originally identified in patients with juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG). Cell culture and mouse studies suggest that MYOC mutations cause glaucoma through a dominant-negative effect on myocilin protein secretion. We tested this hypothesis with patient samples in this study. Glaucoma and control patients underwent complete ocular examination. DNA samples from glaucoma patients, unaffected relatives and controls were used for DNA sequencing of MYOC. Aqueous humor (AH) samples from glaucoma and control patients were obtained at the time of surgery. Myocilin protein in AH was detected by quantitative Western blot analysis. A de novo Val251Ala mutation of MYOC was found to segregate with disease in a family with autosomal dominant JOAG. Myocilin protein was detected in all control AH samples but was nearly undetectable in AH samples from a patient heterozygous for the Val251Ala mutation. Our results using human patient samples are consistent with a dominant-negative effect of pathogenic MYOC mutations on myocilin secretion.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (16)

Adult Amino Acid Sequence Amino Acid Substitution Aqueous Humor Base Sequence Cytoskeletal Proteins Eye Proteins Female Genotype Glaucoma, Open-Angle Glycoproteins Humans Male Mutation Pedigree Young Adult

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