PURPOSE - Septic acute kidney injury (AKI) shows an unacceptably high mortality rate. Detection of sepsis is important for the clinical management of AKI patients. This study was undertaken to evaluate 2 biomarkers of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and endotoxin activity (EA) assay and their combination for detecting sepsis in AKI.
MATERIALS AND METHODS - Adult intensive care unit patients consisting of 40 non-AKI, 65 AKI without sepsis, 10 non-AKI with sepsis, and 24 septic AKI were examined in a cross-sectional manner. Plasma NGAL and EA values in whole blood were measured at recruitment. We evaluated whether combining 2 different biomarkers would improve the performance of each biomarker using receiver operating characteristic analysis.
RESULTS - Plasma NGAL was significantly higher in septic AKI patients than in the other AKI patients and non-AKI patients, whereas EA values were higher in septic patients than nonseptic patients irrespective of AKI complication. Combination of plasma NGAL and EA value increased the area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve and showed better performance compared with a clinical model consisting of clinically available variables.
CONCLUSION - Combinations of plasma NGAL and EA, which are operating via different pathological pathways, significantly improved their detection performance in complicated conditions of septic AKI.
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