Risk adopted allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using a reduced intensity regimen for children with thalassemia major.

Hussein AA, Al-Zaben A, Ghatasheh L, Natsheh A, Hammada T, Abdel-Rahman F, Abu-Jazar H, Sharma S, Najjar R, Frangoul H
Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 60 (8): 1345-9

PMID: 23424175 · DOI:10.1002/pbc.24493

BACKGROUND - Patients with thalassemia in developing countries have limited access to safe transfusions, regular medical care and chelation therapy. Although allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can offer a curative approach, there are limited data on the use of this procedure in developing countries.

PROCEDURE - Forty-four patients underwent a risk adopted HSCT from matched related family donor in Jordan. Thirty-one patients (7 Class 1 and 24 Class 2) underwent myeloablative conditioning (MAC) with busulfan (16 mg/kg), cyclophosphamide (200 mg/kg) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Thirteen patients all with Class 3, seven with hepatitis C received reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) with busulfan (8 mg/kg), fludarabine (175 mg/m(2)), total lymphoid irradiation (500 cGy) and ATG.

RESULTS - All patients had initial neutrophil and platelet engraftment. Secondary graft failure was observed in 2 (6%) patients receiving myeloablative HSCT and 3 (23%) patients receiving RIC. At a median follow up of 64 months (13-108), 43 of 44 patients are alive. The 5-year probability of overall survival (OS) was 97.8% for all patients, 96.8% for patients received MAC and 100% for patients received RIC. The 5-year probability of thalassemia-free survival was 86.4% for all patients, 90.3% and 77% for patients who received MAC and RIC, respectively.

CONCLUSION - Implementing a risk-adopted therapy in patient with thalassemia in Jordan can result in an excellent thalassemia free and OS, especially in those at highest risk.

Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

MeSH Terms (26)

Adolescent Adult Antilymphocyte Serum beta-Thalassemia Busulfan Child Child, Preschool Cyclophosphamide Disease-Free Survival Female Follow-Up Studies Graft Rejection Graft Survival Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Humans Immunologic Factors Infant Male Myeloablative Agonists Retrospective Studies Risk Factors Survival Rate Tissue Donors Transplantation, Homologous Transplantation Conditioning Vidarabine

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links