Psychosocial factors associated with diet quality in a working adult population.

Ferranti EP, Dunbar SB, Higgins M, Dai J, Ziegler TR, Frediani JK, Reilly C, Brigham KL
Res Nurs Health. 2013 36 (3): 242-56

PMID: 23408456 · PMCID: PMC3930879 · DOI:10.1002/nur.21532

The associations between specific intra- and inter-personal psychosocial factors and dietary patterns were explored in a healthy, working adult sample of university and health center employees (N = 640) who were enrolled in a prospective predictive health study. Participants had a mean age of 48 (SD = 11) years and were 67% women and 30% minority. Baseline psychosocial measures of perceived stress, depressive symptoms, social support, and family functioning were examined for their relationships with three diet quality indices-AHEI, DASH, and the Mediterranean. Dietary intake was of moderate quality in this high-income, well-educated, psychosocially healthy population. Social support was positively associated with better diet quality for all three indices (p < .01). Further research should focus on socio-environmental factors associated with diet quality.

Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

MeSH Terms (12)

Adult Cohort Studies Diet Feeding Behavior Female Humans Male Middle Aged Prospective Studies Social Support Socioeconomic Factors Southeastern United States

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