A hepcidin lowering agent mobilizes iron for incorporation into red blood cells in an adenine-induced kidney disease model of anemia in rats.

Sun CC, Vaja V, Chen S, Theurl I, Stepanek A, Brown DE, Cappellini MD, Weiss G, Hong CC, Lin HY, Babitt JL
Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2013 28 (7): 1733-43

PMID: 23345622 · PMCID: PMC3707526 · DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfs584

BACKGROUND - Anemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD) that negatively impacts the quality of life and is associated with numerous adverse outcomes. Excess levels of the iron regulatory hormone hepcidin are thought to contribute to anemia in CKD patients by decreasing iron availability from the diet and from body stores. Adenine treatment in rats has been proposed as an animal model of anemia of CKD with high hepcidin levels that mirrors the condition in human patients.

METHODS - We developed a modified adenine-induced kidney disease model with a higher survival rate than previously reported models, while maintaining persistent kidney disease and anemia. We then tested whether the small molecule bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) inhibitor LDN-193189, which was previously shown to lower hepcidin levels in rodents, mobilized iron into the plasma and improved iron-restricted erythropoiesis in this model.

RESULTS - Adenine-treated rats exhibited increased hepatic hepcidin mRNA, decreased serum iron, increased spleen iron content, low hemoglobin (Hb) and inappropriately low erythropoietin (EPO) levels relative to the degree of anemia. LDN-193189 administration to adenine-treated rats lowered hepatic hepcidin mRNA, mobilized stored iron into plasma and increased Hb content of reticulocytes.

CONCLUSIONS - Our data suggest that hepcidin lowering agents may provide a new therapeutic strategy to improve iron availability for erythropoiesis in CKD.

MeSH Terms (22)

Adenine Anemia, Iron-Deficiency Animals Anti-Infective Agents Blotting, Western Bone Morphogenetic Proteins Disease Models, Animal Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Erythrocytes Erythropoiesis Hepcidins Humans Iron Kidney Diseases Male Pyrazoles Pyrimidines Rats Rats, Wistar Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA, Messenger

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