The risk of AKI in patients treated with intravenous solutions containing hydroxyethyl starch.

Shaw AD, Kellum JA
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 8 (3): 497-503

PMID: 23335037 · DOI:10.2215/CJN.10921012

Intravenous fluids are arguably one of the most commonly administered inpatient therapies and for the most part have been viewed as part of the nephrologist's toolkit in the management of acute kidney disease. Recently, findings have suggested that intravenous fluids may be harmful if given in excess (quantitative toxicity) and that some may be more harmful than others (qualitative toxicity), particularly for patients who already have AKI. Recent clinical trials have investigated hydroxyethyl starch solutions and found worrying results for the renal community. In this brief review, we consider the published literature on the role of hydroxyethyl starch solutions in AKI, with particular emphasis on two large recent randomized clinical trials conducted in Europe and Australia.

MeSH Terms (9)

Acute Kidney Injury Evidence-Based Medicine Fluid Therapy Humans Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives Infusions, Intravenous Plasma Substitutes Risk Assessment Risk Factors

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