Delirious mania: detection, diagnosis, and clinical management in the acute setting.

Jacobowski NL, Heckers S, Bobo WV
J Psychiatr Pract. 2013 19 (1): 15-28

PMID: 23334676 · DOI:10.1097/01.pra.0000426324.67322.06

Delirious mania is a severe but under-recognized neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by the rapid onset of delirium, mania, and psychosis, not associated with a prior toxicity, physical illness, or mental disorder. Catatonia is often a prominent feature of the syndrome. While initially believed to be rare, recent reports suggest that delirious mania may constitute up to 15% of all acute mania cases. When delirious mania is unrecognized or improperly treated, it can progress rapidly in severity and can become life-threatening. This article reviews the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of delirious mania and includes a detailed case report. Delirious mania is robustly responsive to high-dose lorazepam or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT); thus, early recognition and definitive treatment can be life-saving.

MeSH Terms (9)

Bipolar Disorder Catatonia Delirium Electroconvulsive Therapy Humans Hypnotics and Sedatives Lorazepam Psychotic Disorders Risk Factors

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