Discovery, synthesis, and structure-based optimization of a series of N-(tert-butyl)-2-(N-arylamido)-2-(pyridin-3-yl) acetamides (ML188) as potent noncovalent small molecule inhibitors of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) 3CL protease.

Jacobs J, Grum-Tokars V, Zhou Y, Turlington M, Saldanha SA, Chase P, Eggler A, Dawson ES, Baez-Santos YM, Tomar S, Mielech AM, Baker SC, Lindsley CW, Hodder P, Mesecar A, Stauffer SR
J Med Chem. 2013 56 (2): 534-46

PMID: 23231439 · PMCID: PMC3569073 · DOI:10.1021/jm301580n

A high-throughput screen of the NIH molecular libraries sample collection and subsequent optimization of a lead dipeptide-like series of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) main protease (3CLpro) inhibitors led to the identification of probe compound ML188 (16-(R), (R)-N-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)-N-(2-(tert-butylamino)-2-oxo-1-(pyridin-3-yl)ethyl)furan-2-carboxamide, Pubchem CID: 46897844). Unlike the majority of reported coronavirus 3CLpro inhibitors that act via covalent modification of the enzyme, 16-(R) is a noncovalent SARS-CoV 3CLpro inhibitor with moderate MW and good enzyme and antiviral inhibitory activity. A multicomponent Ugi reaction was utilized to rapidly explore structure-activity relationships within S(1'), S(1), and S(2) enzyme binding pockets. The X-ray structure of SARS-CoV 3CLpro bound with 16-(R) was instrumental in guiding subsequent rounds of chemistry optimization. 16-(R) provides an excellent starting point for the further design and refinement of 3CLpro inhibitors that act by a noncovalent mechanism of action.

MeSH Terms (10)

Acetamides Drug Discovery Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Models, Molecular Molecular Structure Protease Inhibitors SARS Virus Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Small Molecule Libraries Structure-Activity Relationship

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