Targeting selective activation of M(1) for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease: further chemical optimization and pharmacological characterization of the M(1) positive allosteric modulator ML169.

Tarr JC, Turlington ML, Reid PR, Utley TJ, Sheffler DJ, Cho HP, Klar R, Pancani T, Klein MT, Bridges TM, Morrison RD, Blobaum AL, Xiang Z, Daniels JS, Niswender CM, Conn PJ, Wood MR, Lindsley CW
ACS Chem Neurosci. 2012 3 (11): 884-95

PMID: 23173069 · PMCID: PMC3503349 · DOI:10.1021/cn300068s

The M(1) muscarinic acetylcholine receptor is thought to play an important role in memory and cognition, making it a potential target for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and schizophrenia. Moreover, M(1) interacts with BACE1 and regulates its proteosomal degradation, suggesting selective M(1) activation could afford both palliative cognitive benefit as well as disease modification in AD. A key challenge in targeting the muscarinic acetylcholine receptors is achieving mAChR subtype selectivity. Our lab has previously reported the M(1) selective positive allosteric modulator ML169. Herein we describe our efforts to further optimize this lead compound by preparing analogue libraries and probing novel scaffolds. We were able to identify several analogues that possessed submicromolar potency, with our best example displaying an EC(50) of 310 nM. The new compounds maintained complete selectivity for the M(1) receptor over the other subtypes (M(2)-M(5)), displayed improved DMPK profiles, and potentiated the carbachol (CCh)-induced excitation in striatal MSNs. Selected analogues were able to potentiate CCh-mediated nonamyloidogenic APPsα release, further strengthening the concept that M(1) PAMs may afford a disease-modifying role in the treatment of AD.

MeSH Terms (13)

Allosteric Regulation Alzheimer Disease Animals Cognition Drug Discovery Indoles Muscarinic Agonists Myotonin-Protein Kinase Neurons Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases Rats Receptor, Muscarinic M1 Sulfones

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