FMOC-amino acid surfactants: discovery, characterization and chiroptical spectroscopy.

Vijay R, Polavarapu PL
J Phys Chem A. 2012 116 (44): 10759-69

PMID: 23057612 · DOI:10.1021/jp308134m

The sodium salts of amino acids with hydrophobic fluorenyl methyloxy carbonyl (FMOC) group and short alkyl side chains are found to have surfactant properties. This was ascertained first through visual observation of concentration dependent solution behavior and then confirmed by tensiometry measurements. The critical micelle concentrations (CMCs) for the sodium salts of FMOC-l-valine, FMOC-L-leucine, and FMOC-L-isoleucine have been determined to be ~0.1 M. The sodium salt of FMOC-l-norleucine forms a gel at >0.2 M. Powder X-ray diffraction measurements indicated that these surfactants adopt bilayer structures. Three different chiroptical spectroscopic properties, namely optical rotation, electronic circular dichroism, and vibrational circular dichroism, are presented for these surfactants. The specific rotation is found to exhibit an unprecedented increase with concentration beyond CMC. This observation opens up a new area of research relating the concentration dependent increase in specific rotation to the size and shape of aggregates formed by the surfactants.

MeSH Terms (6)

Amino Acids Fluorenes Microscopy, Electron, Scanning Molecular Conformation Powder Diffraction Surface-Active Agents

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