Phosphorylation of Rad9 at serine 328 by cyclin A-Cdk2 triggers apoptosis via interfering Bcl-xL.

Zhan Z, He K, Zhu D, Jiang D, Huang YH, Li Y, Sun C, Jin YH
PLoS One. 2012 7 (9): e44923

PMID: 23028682 · PMCID: PMC3441668 · DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0044923

Cyclin A-Cdk2, a cell cycle regulated Ser/Thr kinase, plays important roles in a variety of apoptoticprocesses. However, the mechanism of cyclin A-Cdk2 regulated apoptosis remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated that Rad9, a member of the BH3-only subfamily of Bcl-2 proteins, could be phosphorylated by cyclin A-Cdk2 in vitro and in vivo. Cyclin A-Cdk2 catalyzed the phosphorylation of Rad9 at serine 328 in HeLa cells during apoptosis induced by etoposide, an inhibitor of topoisomeraseII. The phosphorylation of Rad9 resulted in its translocation from the nucleus to the mitochondria and its interaction with Bcl-xL. The forced activation of cyclin A-Cdk2 in these cells by the overexpression of cyclin A,triggered Rad9 phosphorylation at serine 328 and thereby promoted the interaction of Rad9 with Bcl-xL and the subsequent initiation of the apoptotic program. The pro-apoptotic effects regulated by the cyclin A-Cdk2 complex were significantly lower in cells transfected with Rad9S328A, an expression vector that encodes a Rad9 mutant that is resistant to cyclin A-Cdk2 phosphorylation. These findings suggest that cyclin A-Cdk2 regulates apoptosis through a mechanism that involves Rad9phosphorylation.

MeSH Terms (18)

Active Transport, Cell Nucleus Apoptosis bcl-X Protein Biocatalysis Cell Cycle Proteins Cell Nucleus Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2 Cyclin A Etoposide HeLa Cells Humans Mitochondria Phosphorylation RNA Interference Serine Signal Transduction Topoisomerase II Inhibitors Up-Regulation

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