Quantitative magnetization transfer imaging of human brain at 7 T.

Dortch RD, Moore J, Li K, Jankiewicz M, Gochberg DF, Hirtle JA, Gore JC, Smith SA
Neuroimage. 2013 64: 640-9

PMID: 22940589 · PMCID: PMC3625658 · DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.08.047

Quantitative magnetization transfer (qMT) imaging yields indices describing the interactions between free water protons and immobile macromolecular protons. These indices include the macromolecular to free pool size ratio (PSR), which has been shown to be correlated with myelin content in white matter. Because of the long scan times required for whole-brain imaging (≈20-30 min), qMT studies of the human brain have not found widespread application. Herein, we investigated whether the increased signal-to-noise ratio available at 7.0 T could be used to reduce qMT scan times. More specifically, we developed a selective inversion recovery (SIR) qMT imaging protocol with a i) novel transmit radiofrequency (B(1)(+)) and static field (B(0)) insensitive inversion pulse, ii) turbo field-echo readout, and iii) reduced TR. In vivo qMT data were obtained in the brains of healthy volunteers at 7.0 T using the resulting protocol (scan time≈40 s/slice, resolution=2 × 2 × 3 mm(3)). Reliability was also assessed in repeated acquisitions. The results of this study demonstrate that SIR qMT imaging can be reliably performed within the radiofrequency power restrictions present at 7.0 T, even in the presence of large B(1)(+) and B(0) inhomogeneities. Consistent with qMT studies at lower field strengths, the observed PSR values were higher in white matter (mean±SD=17.6 ± 1.3%) relative to gray matter (10.3 ± 1.6%) at 7.0 T. In addition, regional variations in PSR were observed in white matter. Together, these results suggest that qMT measurements are feasible at 7.0 T and may eventually allow for the high-resolution assessment of changes in composition throughout the normal and diseased human brain in vivo.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (13)

Adult Algorithms Brain Female Humans Image Enhancement Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted Magnetic Resonance Imaging Male Nerve Fibers, Myelinated Reproducibility of Results Sensitivity and Specificity Young Adult

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