PURPOSE OF REVIEW - The following review will focus on the current advances in both echocardiography and cardiovascular MRI (CMRI) in the assessment of cardiac function.
RECENT FINDINGS - The assessment of cardiac function in pediatric patients and in congenital heart disease (CHD) patients has dramatically improved over the last several years. The advancement of transthoracic echocardiography with tissue Doppler imaging, speckle tracking, and three-dimensional echocardiography has enabled strain assessment and the ability to estimate ventricular volumes in these complex patients. In the last few decades, CMRI has become an imaging modality that is now part of the standard tools used for cardiac assessment. With superb two-dimensional and three-dimensional resolution, CMRI allows clear delineation of cardiac and extracardiac structures as well as accurate and reproducible assessment of ventricular volume and function. The most recent and robust contributions of CMRI are its ability to provide characterization of the myocardium and the development of new measurements of global and regional myocardial mechanics and function.
SUMMARY - Recent advances in echocardiography and CMRI allow a better understanding of myocardial mechanics and composition as well as accurate assessment of ventricular volume and global and regional function in the complex and unique anatomy often found in CHD patients.