Medical student education program in Alzheimer's disease: the PAIRS Program.

Jefferson AL, Cantwell NG, Byerly LK, Morhardt D
BMC Med Educ. 2012 12: 80

PMID: 22906234 · PMCID: PMC3500260 · DOI:10.1186/1472-6920-12-80

BACKGROUND - As life expectancy increases, dementia incidence will also increase, creating a greater need for physicians well-trained to provide integrated geriatric care. However, research suggests medical students have limited knowledge or interest in pursuing geriatric or dementia care. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the PAIRS Program and its effectiveness in enhancing medical education as a service-learning activity and replication model for the Buddy ProgramTM.

METHODS - Between 2007 and 2011, four consecutive classes of first year Boston University School of Medicine students (n = 45; 24 ± 3 years, 58% female, 53% White) participated in a year-long program in which they were paired with a patient with early-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD). Assessments included pre- and post-program dementia knowledge tests and a post-program reflective essay.

RESULTS - Program completion was 100% (n = 45). A paired-sample t-test revealed a modest improvement in dementia knowledge post-program (p < 0.001). Using qualitative coding methods, 12 overarching themes emerged from the students' reflective essays, such as observing care partner burden, reporting a human side to AD, reporting experiences from the program that will impact future clinical practice, and obtaining a greater understanding of AD.

CONCLUSIONS - Quantitative and qualitative findings suggest that the PAIRS Program can enhance the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and positive attitudes regarding geriatric healthcare in future generations of physicians, a skill set that is becoming increasingly relevant in light of the rapidly aging population. Furthermore, results suggest that The Buddy ProgramTM model can be successfully replicated.

MeSH Terms (24)

Adult Aged Alzheimer Disease Attitude of Health Personnel Boston Career Choice Caregivers Clinical Competence Communication Cooperative Behavior Cost of Illness Curriculum Education, Medical, Undergraduate Educational Measurement Female Geriatrics Humans Male Peer Group Physician-Patient Relations Professional-Family Relations School Admission Criteria Schools, Medical Young Adult

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