Racial variation in the quality of surgical care for prostate cancer.

Barocas DA, Gray DT, Fowke JH, Mercaldo ND, Blume JD, Chang SS, Cookson MS, Smith JA, Penson DF
J Urol. 2012 188 (4): 1279-85

PMID: 22902011 · PMCID: PMC3770766 · DOI:10.1016/j.juro.2012.06.037

PURPOSE - Difference in the quality of care may contribute to the less optimal prostate cancer treatment outcomes among black men compared with white men. We determined whether a racial quality of care gap exists in surgical care for prostate cancer, as evidenced by racial variation in the use of high volume surgeons and facilities, and in the quality of certain outcome measures of care.

MATERIALS AND METHODS - We performed cross-sectional and cohort analyses of administrative data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project all-payer State Inpatient Databases, encompassing all nonfederal hospitals in Florida, Maryland and New York State from 1996 to 2007. Included in analysis were men 18 years old or older with a diagnosis of prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy. We compared the use of surgeons and/or hospitals in the top quartile of annual volume for this procedure, inpatient blood transfusion, complications, mortality and length of stay between black and white patients.

RESULTS - Of 105,972 patients 81,112 (76.5%) were white, 14,006 (13.2%) were black, 6,999 (6.6%) were Hispanic and 3,855 (3.6%) were all other. In mixed effects multivariate models, black men had markedly lower use of high volume hospitals (OR 0.73, 95% CI 0.70-0.76) and surgeons (OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.64-0.70) compared to white men. Black men also had higher odds of blood transfusion (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01-1.14), longer length of stay (OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.06-1.07) and inpatient mortality (OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.02-2.92).

CONCLUSIONS - Using an all-payer data set, we identified concerning potential quality of care gaps between black and white men undergoing radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer.

Copyright © 2012 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (10)

African Americans Cohort Studies Cross-Sectional Studies European Continental Ancestry Group Hispanic Americans Humans Male Middle Aged Prostatic Neoplasms Quality of Health Care

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