Development of transcriptomic biomarker signature in human saliva to detect lung cancer.

Zhang L, Xiao H, Zhou H, Santiago S, Lee JM, Garon EB, Yang J, Brinkmann O, Yan X, Akin D, Chia D, Elashoff D, Park NH, Wong DTW
Cell Mol Life Sci. 2012 69 (19): 3341-3350

PMID: 22689099 · PMCID: PMC4121486 · DOI:10.1007/s00018-012-1027-0

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for both men and women worldwide. Since most of the symptoms found for lung cancer are nonspecific, diagnosis is mostly done at late and progressed stage with the consecutive poor therapy outcome. Effective early detection techniques are sorely needed. The emerging field of salivary diagnostics could provide scientifically credible, easy-to-use, non-invasive and cost-effective detection methods. Recent advances have allowed us to develop discriminatory salivary biomarkers for a variety of diseases from oral to systematic diseases. In this study, salivary transcriptomes of lung cancer patients were profiled and led to the discovery and pre-validation of seven highly discriminatory transcriptomic salivary biomarkers (BRAF, CCNI, EGRF, FGF19, FRS2, GREB1, and LZTS1). The logistic regression model combining five of the mRNA biomarkers (CCNI, EGFR, FGF19, FRS2, and GREB1) could differentiate lung cancer patients from normal control subjects, yielding AUC value of 0.925 with 93.75 % sensitivity and 82.81 % specificity in the pre-validation sample set. These salivary mRNA biomarkers possess the discriminatory power for the detection of lung cancer. This report provides the proof of concept of salivary biomarkers for the non-invasive detection of the systematic disease. These results poised the salivary biomarkers for the initiation of a multi-center validation in a definitive clinical context.

MeSH Terms (21)

Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing Aged Biomarkers, Tumor Case-Control Studies Cysteine-Rich Protein 61 DNA-Binding Proteins Female Fibroblast Growth Factors Humans Lung Neoplasms Male Membrane Proteins Middle Aged Neoplasm Proteins Predictive Value of Tests Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf Regression Analysis Saliva Smoking Transcriptome Tumor Suppressor Proteins

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