BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE - Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage, with most patients undergoing surgery followed by platinum- and taxane-based chemotherapy. After initial clinical remission, the majority recur, leading to additional treatments, including not only platinums and taxanes but also pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD), gemcitabine, topotecan, and, more recently, bevacizumab, which may extend survival times. PLD, in particular, has been extensively studied by our group, with encouraging therapeutic results. We, however, observed instances of chronic kidney disease (CKD) developing among patients who received long-term treatment for recurrent ovarian cancer. To document the frequency and contributing factors to the emergence of CKD, we initiated a retrospective review at two institutions.
PATIENTS AND METHODS - Fifty-six consecutive patients with recurrent ovarian cancer receiving treatment at New York University Cancer Institute were reviewed for the presence of renal disease in 1997-2010. At Shaare Zedek Medical Center, 73 consecutive patients with ovarian cancer were reviewed in 2002-2010. Patients were diagnosed with CKD if they had an estimated GFR <60 mL/minute per 1.73 m2 for >3 months and were staged according to the National Kidney Foundation guidelines.
RESULTS - Thirteen patients (23%) developed stage ≥3 CKD. Three patients had renal biopsies performed that showed thrombotic microangiopathy.
CONCLUSIONS - CKD is emerging as a potential long-term consequence of current chemotherapy for recurrent ovarian cancer.