Toward the optimal dose metric in continuous renal replacement therapy.

Claure-Del Granado R, Macedo E, Chertow GM, Soroko S, Himmelfarb J, Ikizler TA, Paganini EP, Mehta RL
Int J Artif Organs. 2012 35 (6): 413-24

PMID: 22466995 · PMCID: PMC4108204 · DOI:10.5301/ijao.5000041

PURPOSE - There is no consensus on the optimal method to measure delivered dialysis dose in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). The use of direct dialysate-side quantification of dose in preference to the use of formal blood-based urea kinetic modeling and simplified blood urea nitrogen (BUN) methods has been recommended for dose assessment in critically-ill patients with AKI. We evaluate six different blood-side and dialysate-side methods for dose quantification.

METHODS - We examined data from 52 critically-ill patients with AKI requiring dialysis. All patients were treated with pre-dilution CVVHDF and regional citrate anticoagulation. Delivered dose was calculated using blood-side and dialysis-side kinetics. Filter function was assessed during the entire course of therapy by calculating BUN to dialysis fluid urea nitrogen (FUN) ratios q/12 hours.

RESULTS - Median daily treatment time was 1,413 min (1,260-1,440). The median observed effluent volume per treatment was 2,355 mL/h (2,060-2,863) (p<0.001). Urea mass removal rate was 13.0 ± 7.6 mg/min. Both EKR (r²=0.250; p<0.001) and KD (r²=0.409; p<0.001) showed a good correlation with actual solute removal. EKR and KD presented a decline in their values that was related to the decrease in filter function assessed by the FUN/BUN ratio.

CONCLUSIONS - Effluent rate (mL/kg/h) can only empirically provide an estimated of dose in CRRT. For clinical practice, we recommend that the delivered dose should be measured and expressed as KD. EKR also constitutes a good method for dose comparisons over time and across modalities.

MeSH Terms (20)

Acute Kidney Injury Adult Biomarkers Blood Urea Nitrogen Creatinine Critical Illness Dialysis Solutions Equipment Design Female Humans Kinetics Male Membranes, Artificial Middle Aged Models, Biological Renal Dialysis Treatment Outcome United States Urea Urination

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