Diverse functions of distal regulatory elements at the IFNG locus.

Collins PL, Henderson MA, Aune TM
J Immunol. 2012 188 (4): 1726-33

PMID: 22246629 · PMCID: PMC3273639 · DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1102879

Previous studies have identified multiple conserved noncoding sequences (CNS) at the mouse Ifng locus sufficient for enhancer activity in cell-based assays. These studies do not directly address biology of the human IFNG locus in a genomic setting. IFNG enhancers may be functionally redundant or each may be functionally unique. We test the hypothesis that each IFNG enhancer has a unique necessary function using a bacterial artificial chromosome transgenic model. We find that CNS-30, CNS-4, and CNS+20 are required at distinct stages of Th1 differentiation, whereas CNS-16 has a repressive role in Th1 and Th2 cells. CNS+20 is required for IFN-γ expression by memory Th1 cells and NKT cells. CNS-4 is required for IFN-γ expression by effector Th1 cells. In contrast, CNS-16, CNS-4, and CNS+20 are each partially required for human IFN-γ expression by NK cells. Thus, IFNG CNS enhancers have redundant necessary functions in NK cells but unique necessary functions in Th cells. These results also demonstrate that distinct CNSs are required to transcribe IFNG at each stage of the Th1 differentiation pathway.

MeSH Terms (17)

Animals Cell Differentiation Cells, Cultured Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial Conserved Sequence Gene Expression Regulation Humans Interferon-gamma Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Transgenic Natural Killer T-Cells Promoter Regions, Genetic Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid RNA, Untranslated Th1 Cells Th2 Cells

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