Haematopoietic leptin receptor deficiency does not affect macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue or systemic insulin sensitivity.

Gutierrez DA, Hasty AH
J Endocrinol. 2012 212 (3): 343-51

PMID: 22194312 · PMCID: PMC3381898 · DOI:10.1530/JOE-11-0338

The adipokine leptin is primarily produced by white adipose tissue (AT) and is a potent monocyte/macrophage chemoattractant in vitro. The long form of the leptin receptor (LepR) is required for monocyte/macrophage chemotaxis towards leptin. In this study, we examined the effects of haematopoietic LepR as well as LepR with C-C chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) deficiency (double knockout (DKO)) on macrophage recruitment to AT after two different periods of high fat diet (HFD) feeding. Briefly, 8-week-old C57BL/6 mice were transplanted with bone marrow (BM) from Lepr(+/+), Lepr(-/-) or DKO donors (groups named BM-Lepr(+/+), BM-Lepr(-/-) and BM-DKO respectively), and were placed on an HFD for 6 or 12 weeks. At the end of the study, macrophage infiltration and the inflammatory state of AT were evaluated by real-time RT-PCR, histology and flow cytometry. In addition, glucose and insulin tolerance were assessed at both time points. Our results showed no differences in macrophage accumulation or AT inflammatory state between the BM-Lepr(+/+) and BM-Lepr(-/-) mice after 6 or 12 weeks of HFD feeding; any effects observed in the BM-DKO were attributed to the haematopoietic deficiency of CCR2. In addition, no changes in glucose or insulin tolerance were observed between groups after either period of HFD feeding. Our findings suggest that although leptin is a potent chemoattractant in vitro, haematopoietic LepR deficiency does not affect macrophage accumulation in AT in early to moderate stages of diet-induced obesity.

MeSH Terms (15)

Adipose Tissue Animals Bone Marrow Cells Bone Marrow Transplantation Dietary Fats Inflammation Insulin Resistance Macrophages Male Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Knockout Obesity Receptors, CCR2 Receptors, Leptin

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