The evaluation of HER2 status in invasive breast carcinoma can be performed by multiple methods. We assessed the feasibility of performing 2 of these, chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) and immunohistochemical staining, on single tissue sections of breast carcinoma. During assay development, sequential performance of immunohistochemical staining after CISH resulted in weaker HER2 expression than that obtained when immunohistochemical staining was performed alone; this was ameliorated by increased antibody incubation time. Performance of both techniques in a combined/hybrid protocol resulted in HER2 protein expression and gene signals identical to those produced by the individual techniques performed alone. Prospective validation of these dual staining protocols in 31 cases of breast carcinoma resulted in 100% concordance with results of CISH when performed alone, but was still associated with a reduced immunohistochemical signal in some cases. Although further testing is needed, we conclude that performance of both immunohistochemical staining and CISH on a single section is possible and could allow for direct "cell-by-cell" comparison of HER2 signals and potentially offer a more economical and real-time method for ongoing validation of HER2 testing.