Modulation of purinergic signaling is critical to myocardial homeostasis. Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1 (ENTPD-1; CD39) which converts the proinflammatory molecules ATP or ADP to AMP is a key regulator of purinergic modulation. However, the salutary effects of transgenic over expression of ENTPD-1 on myocardial response to ischemic injury have not been tested to date. Therefore we hypothesized that ENTPD-1 over expression affords myocardial protection from ischemia-reperfusion injury via specific cell signaling pathways. ENTPD-1 transgenic mice, which over express human ENTPDase-1, and wild-type (WT) littermates were subjected to either ex vivo or in vivo ischemia-reperfusion injury. Infarct size, inflammatory cell infiltrate and intracellular signaling molecule activation were evaluated. Infarct size was significantly reduced in ENTPD-1 versus WT hearts in both ex vivo and in vivo studies. Following ischemia-reperfusion injury, ENTPD-1 cardiac tissues demonstrated an increase in the phosphorylation of the cellular signaling molecule extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK 1/2) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β). Resistance to myocardial injury was abrogated by treatment with a non-selective adenosine receptor antagonist, 8-SPT or the more selective A(2B) adenosine receptor antagonist, MRS 1754, but not the A(1) selective antagonists, DPCPX. Additionally, treatment with the ERK 1/2 inhibitor PD98059 or the mitochondrial permeability transition pore opener, atractyloside, abrogated the cardiac protection provided by ENTPDase-1 expression. These results suggest that transgenic ENTPDase-1 expression preferentially conveys myocardial protection from ischemic injury via adenosine A(2B) receptor engagement and associated phosphorylation of the cellular protective signaling molecules, Akt, ERK 1/2 and GSK-3β that prevents detrimental opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore.
2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.