Evaluation of sigma (σ) receptors in the antidepressant-like effects of ketamine in vitro and in vivo.

Robson MJ, Elliott M, Seminerio MJ, Matsumoto RR
Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2012 22 (4): 308-17

PMID: 21911285 · DOI:10.1016/j.euroneuro.2011.08.002

Ketamine is an NMDA antagonist and dissociative anesthetic that has been shown to display rapid acting and prolonged antidepressant activity in small-scale human clinical trials. Ketamine also binds to σ receptors, which are believed to be protein targets for a potential new class of antidepressant medications. The purpose of this study was to determine the involvement of σ receptors in the antidepressant-like actions of ketamine. Competition binding assays were performed to assess the affinity of ketamine for σ(1) and σ(2) receptors. The antidepressant-like effects of ketamine were assessed in vitro using a neurite outgrowth model and PC12 cells, and in vivo using the forced swim test. The σ receptor antagonists, NE-100 and BD1047, were evaluated in conjunction with ketamine in these assays to determine the involvement of σ receptors in the antidepressant-like effects of ketamine. Ketamine bound to both σ(1) and σ(2) receptors with μM affinities. Additionally, ketamine potentiated NGF-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells and this effect was attenuated in the presence of NE-100. Ketamine also displayed antidepressant-like effects in the forced swim test; however, these effects were not attenuated by pretreatment with NE-100 or BD1047. Taken together, these data suggest that σ receptor-mediated neuronal remodeling may contribute to the antidepressant effects of ketamine.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (17)

Animals Anisoles Antidepressive Agents Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Drug Interactions Ethylenediamines Ketamine Male Mice Motor Activity Nerve Growth Factor Neurites PC12 Cells Propylamines Radioligand Assay Rats Receptors, sigma

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities: