A broadly neutralizing human monoclonal antibody that recognizes a conserved, novel epitope on the globular head of the influenza H1N1 virus hemagglutinin.

Krause JC, Tsibane T, Tumpey TM, Huffman CJ, Basler CF, Crowe JE
J Virol. 2011 85 (20): 10905-8

PMID: 21849447 · PMCID: PMC3187471 · DOI:10.1128/JVI.00700-11

The conserved influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) stem domain elicits cross-reactive antibodies, but epitopes in the globular head typically elicit strain-specific responses because of the hypervariability of this region. We isolated human monoclonal antibody 5J8, which neutralized a broad spectrum of 20th century H1N1 viruses and the 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus. Fine mapping of the interaction unexpectedly revealed a novel epitope between the receptor-binding pocket and the Ca₂ antigenic site on HA. This antibody exposes a new mechanism underlying broad immunity against H1N1 influenza viruses and identifies a conserved epitope that might be incorporated into engineered H1 virus vaccines.

MeSH Terms (22)

Adult Animals Antibodies, Monoclonal Antibodies, Neutralizing Antibodies, Viral Body Weight Cell Line Cross Reactions Disease Models, Animal Epitope Mapping Epitopes Female Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus Humans Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Molecular Sequence Data Orthomyxoviridae Infections Rodent Diseases Sequence Analysis, DNA Survival Analysis Treatment Outcome

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