After completing this article, readers should be able to:1. Articulate a systematic medical approach to the child who has school failure or suspected learning disability.2. Compare and contrast learning disability from other related conditions that may affect a child's school function.3. Identify key historic factors recognized during developmental surveillance for children who have learning disabilities.4. List key school and community resources for advising parents about the evaluation,treatment, and prognosis of a child who has a learning disability.5. Outline a medical home management plan for children who have learning disabilities.