Leukotrienes target F-actin/cofilin-1 to enhance alveolar macrophage anti-fungal activity.

Morato-Marques M, Campos MR, Kane S, Rangel AP, Lewis C, Ballinger MN, Kim SH, Peters-Golden M, Jancar S, Serezani CH
J Biol Chem. 2011 286 (33): 28902-13

PMID: 21715328 · PMCID: PMC3190697 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M111.235309

Candida albicans is the most common opportunistic fungal pathogen and causes local and systemic disease in immunocompromised patients. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are pivotal for the clearance of C. albicans from the lung. Activated AMs secrete 5-lipoxygenase-derived leukotrienes (LTs), which in turn enhance phagocytosis and microbicidal activity against a diverse array of pathogens. Our aim was to investigate the role of LTB(4) and LTD(4) in AM antimicrobial functions against C. albicans and the signaling pathways involved. Pharmacologic and genetic inhibition of LT biosynthesis as well as receptor antagonism reduced phagocytosis of C. albicans when compared with untreated or WT controls. Conversely, exogenous LTs of both classes augmented base-line C. albicans phagocytosis by AMs. Although LTB(4) enhanced mainly mannose receptor-dependent fungal ingestion, LTD(4) enhanced mainly dectin-1 receptor-mediated phagocytosis. LT enhancement of yeast ingestion was dependent on protein kinase C-δ (PKCδ) and PI3K but not PKCα and MAPK activation. Both LTs reduced activation of cofilin-1, whereas they enhanced total cellular F-actin; however, LTB(4) accomplished this through the activation of LIM kinases (LIMKs) 1 and 2, whereas LTD(4) did so exclusively via LIMK-2. Finally, both exogenous LTB(4) and LTD(4) enhanced AM fungicidal activity in an NADPH oxidase-dependent manner. Our data identify LTB(4) and LTD(4) as key mediators of innate immunity against C. albicans, which act by both distinct and conserved signaling mechanisms to enhance multiple antimicrobial functions of AMs.

MeSH Terms (22)

Actins Animals Candida albicans Candidiasis Cofilin 1 Enzyme Activation Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases Female Immunity, Innate Lectins, C-Type Leukotriene B4 Lim Kinases Macrophages, Alveolar Membrane Proteins Mice Mice, Knockout Nerve Tissue Proteins Phagocytosis Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases Protein Kinase C-delta Rats Rats, Wistar

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