Operative intervention for complete pancreatic transection in children sustaining blunt abdominal trauma: revisiting an organ salvage technique.

Borkon MJ, Morrow SE, Koehler EA, Shyr Y, Hilmes MA, Miller RS, Neblett WW, Lovvorn HN
Am Surg. 2011 77 (5): 612-20

PMID: 21679597

Complete pancreatic transection (CPT) in children is managed commonly with distal pancreatectomy (DP). Alternatively, Roux-en-Y distal pancreaticojejunostomy (RYPJ) may be performed to preserve pancreatic tissue. The purpose of this study was to review our experience using either procedure in the management of children sustaining CPT after blunt abdominal trauma. We retrospectively reviewed the records of all children admitted to our institution during the last 15 years who were confirmed at operation to have CPT after blunt mechanisms. Summary statistics of demographic data were performed to describe children receiving either RYPJ or DP. CPT occurred in 28 children: 15 had DP, 10 had RYPJ, and three had cystogastrostomy. RYPJ children, compared with DP, were younger (7.5 vs. 12.3 years, P = 0.039) and sustained more grade IV pancreatic injuries (70% vs. 14%, P = 0.01). DP patients were 5.63 times more likely to tolerate full enteral feeds (P = 0.009). Nevertheless, when controlling for age, injury severity score, and pancreatic injury grade, procedure type did not statistically affect total and postoperative lengths of stay and postoperative complications. In the operative management algorithm of children sustaining CPT, DP may afford an earlier return to full enteral feeds. RYPJ seems otherwise equivalent to DP and preserves significant pancreatic glandular tissue and the spleen.

MeSH Terms (27)

Abdominal Injuries Adolescent Age Factors Analysis of Variance Anastomosis, Surgical Child Child, Preschool Cohort Studies Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Infant Injury Severity Score Male Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures Pancreas Pancreatectomy Postoperative Care Postoperative Complications Proportional Hazards Models Retrospective Studies Risk Assessment Salvage Therapy Statistics, Nonparametric Survival Rate Treatment Outcome Wounds, Nonpenetrating

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