Stabilization of the topoisomerase II-DNA cleavage complex by antineoplastic drugs: inhibition of enzyme-mediated DNA religation by 4'-(9-acridinylamino)methanesulfon-m-anisidide.

Robinson MJ, Osheroff N
Biochemistry. 1990 29 (10): 2511-5

PMID: 2159323 · DOI:10.1021/bi00462a012

In order to elucidate the mechanism by which the intercalative antineoplastic drug 4'-(9-acridinylamino)methanesulfon-m-anisidide (m-AMSA) stabilizes the covalent topoisomerase II-DNA cleavage complex, the effect of the drug on the DNA cleavage/religation reaction of the type II enzyme from Drosophila melanogaster was examined. At a concentration of 60 microM, m-AMSA enhanced topoisomerase II mediated double-stranded DNA breakage approximately 5-fold. Drug-induced stabilization of the enzyme-DNA cleavage complex was readily reversed by the addition of EDTA or salt. When a DNA religation assay was utilized, m-AMSA was found to inhibit the topoisomerase II mediated rejoining of cleaved DNA approximately 3.5-fold. This result is similar to that previously reported for the effects of etoposide on the activity of the Drosophila enzyme [Osheroff, N. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 6157-6160]. Thus, it appears that structurally disparate classes of topoisomerase II targeted antineoplastic drugs stabilize the enzyme's DNA cleavage complex primarily by interfering with the ability of topoisomerase II to religate DNA.

MeSH Terms (12)

Aminacrine Aminoacridines Amsacrine Animals Antineoplastic Agents Culture Techniques DNA DNA Damage DNA Polymerase II DNA Topoisomerases, Type II Drosophila melanogaster Enzyme Stability

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