Software compensation of eddy current fields in multislice high order dynamic shimming.

Sengupta S, Avison MJ, Gore JC, Brian Welch E
J Magn Reson. 2011 210 (2): 218-27

PMID: 21458339 · PMCID: PMC3098125 · DOI:10.1016/j.jmr.2011.03.007

Dynamic B(0) shimming (DS) can produce better field homogeneity than static global shimming by dynamically updating slicewise shim values in a multislice acquisition. The performance of DS however is limited by eddy current fields produced by the switching of 2nd and 3rd order unshielded shims. In this work, we present a novel method of eddy field compensation (EFC) applied to higher order shim induced eddy current fields in multislice DS. This method does not require shim shielding, extra hardware for eddy current compensation or subject specific prescanning. The interactions between shim harmonics are modeled assuming steady state of the medium and long time constant, cross and self term eddy fields in a DS experiment and 'correction factors' characterizing the entire set of shim interactions are derived. The correction factors for a given time between shim switches are shown to be invariable with object scanned, shim switching pattern and actual shim values, allowing for their generalized prospective use. Phantom and human head, 2nd and 3rd order DS experiments performed without any hardware eddy current compensation using the technique show large reductions in field gradients and offsets leading to significant improvements in image quality. This method holds promise as an alternative to expensive hardware based eddy current compensation required in 2nd and 3rd order DS.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (9)

Brain Mapping Calibration Humans Image Enhancement Image Processing, Computer-Assisted Least-Squares Analysis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Phantoms, Imaging Software

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