BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES - Elevated BP contributes to development and progression of proteinuria and decline in renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Our post hoc analysis assessed the baseline BP influence on the antiproteinuric effect in the Aliskiren in the Evaluation of Proteinuria in Diabetes (AVOID) study.
DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS - In the AVOID study, 599 hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy received 6 months of aliskiren (150 mg force titrated to 300 mg daily after 3 months) or placebo added to losartan (100 mg) daily and optimal antihypertensive therapy. Changes in early morning urinary albumin:creatinine ratio and eGFR at week 24 were assessed by subgroups of baseline BP: Group A (prespecified target), <130/80 mmHg (n=159); Group B, <140/90 mmHg but ≥130/80 mmHg (n=189); and Group C (insufficient BP control), ≥140/90 mmHg (n=251).
RESULTS - Mean baseline BP (mmHg) levels for Groups A, B, and C were 120/71, 133/78, and 145/81, respectively. BP during the trial was nearly identical to baseline levels in all groups. The antiproteinuric effects of aliskiren were consistent across subgroups of baseline BP (19 to 22% reduction versus placebo). In Group C, the decline in eGFR was significantly lower with aliskiren than with placebo (P=0.013).
CONCLUSIONS - Aliskiren (300 mg) added to losartan (100 mg) plus optimal antihypertensive therapy provides antiproteinuric effects independent of BP in patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy. Renal function was better preserved with aliskiren in patients with insufficient BP control.
Copyright © 2011 by the American Society of Nephrology