Phase I pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study of SJG-136, a novel DNA sequence selective minor groove cross-linking agent, in advanced solid tumors.

Puzanov I, Lee W, Chen AP, Calcutt MW, Hachey DL, Vermeulen WL, Spanswick VJ, Liao CY, Hartley JA, Berlin JD, Rothenberg ML
Clin Cancer Res. 2011 17 (11): 3794-802

PMID: 21346148 · PMCID: PMC3107910 · DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-10-2056

PURPOSE - This phase I study assessed the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of SJG-136, a sequence-specific DNA cross-linking agent, in patients with advanced cancer.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN - In schedule A, seven patients received escalating doses of SJG-136 (6, 12, 24, and 48 μg/m(2)) daily for 5 of 21 days. Blood samples were collected for PK analysis on days 1 and 5 of cycle 1. In schedule B, SJG-136 was given daily for 3 of 21 days (N = 17; doses 20, 25, 30, and 35 μg/m(2)). Blood samples were collected on days 1 and 3 of cycles 1 and 2 for PK and PD analysis. Patients in schedule B received dexamethasone and early diuretic care.

RESULTS - Schedule A-dose-limiting toxicities included grade 3 edema, dyspnea, fatigue, and delayed liver toxicity (grade 3-4). PK analysis revealed dose-dependent increases in AUC and C(max). Substantial changes in volume of distribution at steady-state occurred after repeated dosing in some patients prior to the onset of edema. Schedule B-the same toxicities were manageable with steroid premedication and diuretic support. No significant myelosuppression occurred on either schedule. DNA interstrand cross-links correlated with systemic exposure of SJG-136 following the second dose in cycle 1 and were still detectable immediately before cycle 2.

CONCLUSIONS - The MTD of SJG-136 in this study was 30 μg/m(2) administered on a daily 3× basis with no myelosuppression effects. Coupled with supportive management, SJG-136 is now advancing to a phase II trial in ovarian cancer.

©2011 AACR.

MeSH Terms (15)

Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Benzodiazepinones Dexamethasone Dyspnea Edema Fatigue Female Humans Male Maximum Tolerated Dose Middle Aged Neoplasms Pyrroles

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