Replication and functional genomic analyses of the breast cancer susceptibility locus at 6q25.1 generalize its importance in women of chinese, Japanese, and European ancestry.

Cai Q, Wen W, Qu S, Li G, Egan KM, Chen K, Deming SL, Shen H, Shen CY, Gammon MD, Blot WJ, Matsuo K, Haiman CA, Khoo US, Iwasaki M, Santella RM, Zhang L, Fair AM, Hu Z, Wu PE, Signorello LB, Titus-Ernstoff L, Tajima K, Henderson BE, Chan KY, Kasuga Y, Newcomb PA, Zheng H, Cui Y, Wang F, Shieh YL, Iwata H, Le Marchand L, Chan SY, Shrubsole MJ, Trentham-Dietz A, Tsugane S, Garcia-Closas M, Long J, Li C, Shi J, Huang B, Xiang YB, Gao YT, Lu W, Shu XO, Zheng W
Cancer Res. 2011 71 (4): 1344-55

PMID: 21303983 · PMCID: PMC3083305 · DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-2733

We evaluated the generalizability of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs2046210 (A/G allele), associated with breast cancer risk that was initially identified at 6q25.1 in a genome-wide association study conducted among Chinese women. In a pooled analysis of more than 31,000 women of East-Asian, European, and African ancestry, we found a positive association for rs2046210 and breast cancer risk in Chinese women [ORs (95% CI) = 1.30 (1.22-1.38) and 1.64 (1.50-1.80) for the AG and AA genotypes, respectively, P for trend = 1.54 × 10⁻³⁰], Japanese women [ORs (95% CI) = 1.31 (1.13-1.52) and 1.37 (1.06-1.76), P for trend = 2.51 × 10⁻⁴], and European-ancestry American women [ORs (95% CI) = 1.07 (0.99-1.16) and 1.18 (1.04-1.34), P for trend = 0.0069]. No association with this SNP, however, was observed in African American women [ORs (95% CI) = 0.81 (0.63-1.06) and 0.85 (0.65-1.11) for the AG and AA genotypes, respectively, P for trend = 0.4027]. In vitro functional genomic studies identified a putative functional variant, rs6913578. This SNP is 1,440 bp downstream of rs2046210 and is in high linkage disequilibrium with rs2046210 in Chinese (r(2) = 0.91) and European-ancestry (r² = 0.83) populations, but not in Africans (r² = 0.57). SNP rs6913578 was found to be associated with breast cancer risk in Chinese and European-ancestry American women. After adjusting for rs2046210, the association of rs6913578 with breast cancer risk in African Americans approached borderline significance. Results from this large consortium study confirmed the association of rs2046210 with breast cancer risk among women of Chinese, Japanese, and European ancestry. This association may be explained in part by a putatively functional variant (rs6913578) identified in the region.

©2011 AACR.

MeSH Terms (15)

Asian Continental Ancestry Group Breast Neoplasms Carcinoma Case-Control Studies Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 European Continental Ancestry Group Female Genetic Predisposition to Disease Genome-Wide Association Study Genomics Genomics Genotype Humans Middle Aged Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

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