Effectiveness of seasonal vaccine in preventing confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations in community dwelling older adults.

Talbot HK, Griffin MR, Chen Q, Zhu Y, Williams JV, Edwards KM
J Infect Dis. 2011 203 (4): 500-8

PMID: 21220776 · PMCID: PMC3071231 · DOI:10.1093/infdis/jiq076

BACKGROUND - Current evidence supporting the effectiveness of influenza vaccine in preventing hospitalizations in older adults is insufficient.

METHODS - During 3 influenza seasons, 2006-2009, community-dwelling adults aged ≥50 y hospitalized with respiratory symptoms were prospectively enrolled in this study. We tested nose and throat samples for influenza virus by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. We estimated vaccine effectiveness by comparing vaccination status between influenza-positive cases and influenza-negative controls using logistic regression models with propensity score adjustment.

RESULTS - Overall, 450 (59%) of 763 eligible patients were enrolled; 417 (93%) of enrolled patients had adequate respiratory samples, had known influenza vaccination status, and were community-dwelling. The proportions of influenza-positive patients were 8%, 20%, and 6% in the 3 successive seasons. Of 39 influenza-positive participants, 14 (36%) were vaccinated compared with 250 (66%) of 378 influenza-negative controls. Propensity score-adjusted vaccine effectiveness for the 3 seasons combined was 61.2% (95% confidence interval, 17.5%-81.8%).

CONCLUSION - Overall, in this moderately well-vaccinated population of older adults, laboratory-confirmed influenza virus accounted for 9.3% (95% confidence interval, 6.6%-12.1%) of all respiratory hospitalizations during 3 influenza seasons, and influenza vaccination prevented 61.2% of such hospitalizations.

MeSH Terms (18)

Aged Aged, 80 and over Female Hospitalization Humans Influenza, Human Influenza Vaccines Male Middle Aged Nose Orthomyxoviridae Pharynx Prevalence Prospective Studies Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA, Viral Vaccination Virology

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