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Association of parental ADHD and depression with externalizing and internalizing dimensions of child psychopathology.

Humphreys KL, Mehta N, Lee SS
J Atten Disord. 2012 16 (4): 267-75

PMID: 21173429 · PMCID: PMC6613577 · DOI:10.1177/1087054710387264

OBJECTIVE - To study the independent association of parental depression and ADHD on three dimensions of child psychopathology among 178 children aged 5 to 10 years.

METHOD - Self-reported measures of parental depression and ADHD as well as rating scales and structure diagnostic interviews of child internalizing, ADHD, and externalizing problems were obtained.

RESULTS - Structural equation modeling indicated that parental ADHD was positively associated with a broad child problems factor after a second-order factor of child problems best accounted for the high intercorrelations among the internalizing, ADHD, and externalizing child psychopathology factors. Parental depression did not significantly predict the second-order child problems factor, but it specifically predicted the child internalizing factor.

CONCLUSION - These results suggest that parental ADHD may be a nonspecific risk factor for child psychopathology broadly, whereas parental depression may function as a specific risk factor for child internalizing problems.

MeSH Terms (14)

Anxiety Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Child Child, Preschool Child Behavior Disorders Child of Impaired Parents Depression Depressive Disorder Female Humans Male Parents Risk Factors Self Report

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