Combination of a thiazide, a vasodilator and reserpine compared with methyldopa plus hydrochlorothiazide in the treatment of hypertension in Zimbabwe.

Stein CM, Neill P, Mwaluko GM, Kusema T
S Afr Med J. 1990 77 (5): 243-5

PMID: 2107581

Brinerdin (Sandoz), a combination of a diuretic (clopamide 5 mg), a vasodilator (dihydro-ergocristine 0.5 mg) and reserpine (0.1 mg) (CDR) was compared with methyldopa (MD) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) for antihypertensive effect, adverse reactions, compliance and patient preference in an open cross-over trial. Eighteen patients completed both arms of the trial and 5 patients who completed the CDR arm were withdrawn while on the MD arm because of adverse effects in 4 and poor control in 1. On HCT 50 mg daily the mean baseline systolic blood pressure was 163.9 +/- 16.3 mmHg and the diastolic blood pressure was 105.9 +/- 6.7 mmHg. On CDR these were reduced to systolic blood pressure 140.3 +/- 15.1 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure 87.8 +/- 9.3 mmHg. On MD + HCT the systolic blood pressure was reduced to 138.5 +/- 16.9 mmHg and the diastolic blood pressure to 88.9 +/- 10.3 mmHg. The differences between the two treatment periods in systolic blood pressure (1.8 mmHg; 95% confidence interval (CI) - 4.1 + 7.7 mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure (1.1 mmHg; 95% CI - 4.6 + 2.4 mmHg) were not significant with P values of 0.6 and 0.7 respectively. Compliance was 98.2% for CDR and 94.7% for MD + HCT (P = 0.02). Unusual sleepiness occurred more frequently in the MD arm (P less than 0.01). Thirteen patients chose to continue on CDR, 2 on MD + HCT and 3 had no preference (P = 0.005). CDR is similar in antihypertensive effect to MD + HCT but is better tolerated with fewer withdrawals, fewer adverse effects, better compliance and has more patients electing to continue taking it.

MeSH Terms (18)

Adult Aged Antihypertensive Agents Blood Pressure Clinical Trials as Topic Clopamide Dihydroergotoxine Drug Combinations Drug Therapy, Combination Female Humans Hydrochlorothiazide Hypertension Male Methyldopa Middle Aged Random Allocation Reserpine

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