Outcomes of pediatric bone marrow transplantation for leukemia and myelodysplasia using matched sibling, mismatched related, or matched unrelated donors.

Shaw PJ, Kan F, Woo Ahn K, Spellman SR, Aljurf M, Ayas M, Burke M, Cairo MS, Chen AR, Davies SM, Frangoul H, Gajewski J, Gale RP, Godder K, Hale GA, Heemskerk MB, Horan J, Kamani N, Kasow KA, Chan KW, Lee SJ, Leung WH, Lewis VA, Miklos D, Oudshoorn M, Petersdorf EW, Ringdén O, Sanders J, Schultz KR, Seber A, Setterholm M, Wall DA, Yu L, Pulsipher MA
Blood. 2010 116 (19): 4007-15

PMID: 20671124 · PMCID: PMC2981549 · DOI:10.1182/blood-2010-01-261958

Although some trials have allowed matched or single human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched related donors (mmRDs) along with HLA-matched sibling donors (MSDs) for pediatric bone marrow transplantation in early-stage hematologic malignancies, whether mmRD grafts lead to similar outcomes is not known. We compared patients < 18 years old reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research with acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndrome undergoing allogeneic T-replete, myeloablative bone marrow transplantation between 1993 and 2006. In total, patients receiving bone marrow from 1208 MSDs, 266 8/8 allelic-matched unrelated donors (URDs), and 151 0-1 HLA-antigen mmRDs were studied. Multivariate analysis showed that recipients of MSD transplants had less transplantation-related mortality, acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and chronic GVHD, along with better disease-free and overall survival than the URD and mmRD groups. No differences were observed in transplant-related mortality, acute and chronic GVHD, relapse, disease-free survival, or overall survival between the mmRD and URD groups. These data show that mmRD and 8/8 URD outcomes are similar, whereas MSD outcomes are superior to the other 2 sources. Whether allele level typing could identify mmRD recipients with better outcomes will not be known unless centers alter practice and type mmRD at the allele level.

MeSH Terms (19)

Adolescent Bone Marrow Transplantation Child Child, Preschool Disease-Free Survival Female Graft vs Host Disease Histocompatibility Testing HLA Antigens Humans Infant Leukemia Living Donors Male Multivariate Analysis Myelodysplastic Syndromes Siblings Survival Analysis Treatment Outcome

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